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General Studies & Current Affairs Questions

Consider the following statements regarding property of Union and states:
1. All lands, mineral and other things of value underlying the ocean within the territorial waters of India are vested in both the Union and the states jointly.
2. Only the state government is competent to compulsorily acquire or requisite property by making law but it is obligatory for the state government to pay the compensation.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans. (d)
Solution: According to Article 297 of the Constitution of India, all lands, minerals and other things of value underlying the ocean within the territorial waters of India are vested only in the Union. Both the Union and the State Legislatures are competent to compulsorily acquire or requisition of property by making law (Under entry 42, List-III, Seventh Schedule). In addition, the constitutional obligation to pay compensation has been abolished by the 44th Amendment of the Indian Constitution.

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