Medical Science Subject For UPSC

  • Medical scienceOptional is not a popular optional subject for UPSC exams but in recent times, many students opt for this optional.
  • It is considered as a choice for medical science graduates as it contains elements of medical. Medical scienceoptional syllabus has become compact and popular recently.

How to prepare of anthropology mains?

  • The Medical science is a science-oriented subject, the aspirants should be stick to the clear and crispy.
  • To take an edge on Medical science subject the aspirants should start attempting theory-based questions and focus on revision as much as possible.
  • Candidates can also add diagrams, flow chart wherever needed. It will ultimately fetch more marks. Also make good notes for theories.
  • Aspirants need to keep updating the latest trends and developments in medical science from newspaper, magazines and internet.

Concerns while choosing medical science as an optional: -

  • The study material for medical science is not widely available.
  • The concepts, theories, and principles of medical science cannot be understood very easily.

Medical science Exam Pattern: -

Medical science optional is a scoring choice and there are 2 papers in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Main Exam. Each paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Mains paper is 3 hours.

 

Paper I Syllabus:

  1. Human Anatomy:
  • Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbs and joints of shoulder, hip and knee.
  • Gross anatomy, blood supply and lymphatic drainage of tongue, thyroid, mammary gland, stomach, liver, prostate, gonads and uterus
  • Applied anatomy of diaphragm, perineum and inguinal region.
  • Clinical anatomy of kidney, urinary bladder, uterine tubes, vas deferens.
  • Central and peripheral autonomic nervous system: Gross and clinical anatomy of ventricles of brain, circulation of cerebrospinal fluid; Neural pathways and lesions of cutaneous sensations, hearing and vision; Cranial nerves, distribution and clinical significance; Components of autonomic nervous system.
  1. Human Physiology:
  • Conduction and transmission of impulse, mechanism of contraction, neuromuscular transmission, reflexes, control of equilibrium, posture and muscle tone, descending pathways, functions of cerebellum, basal ganglia, Physiology of sleep and consciousness.
  • Endocrine system: Mechanism of action of hormones, formation, secretion, transport, metabolism, function and regulation of secretion of pancreas and pituitary gland.
  • Physiology of reproductive system: menstrual cycle, lactation, pregnancy.
  • Blood: Development, regulation and fate of blood cells.
  • Cardio-vascular, cardiac output, blood pressure, regulation of cardiovascular functions;
  1. Biochemistry:
  • Organ function tests-liver, kidney, thyroid
  • Protein synthesis.
  • Vitamins and minerals.
  • Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • Radio - immunoassays (RIA).
  1. Pathology:
  • Inflammation and repair, disturbances of growth and cancer, Pathogenesis and histopathology of rheumatic and ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus.
  • Differentiation between benign, malignant, primary and metastatic malignancies,
  • Pathogenesis and histopathology of bronchogenic carcinoma, carcinoma breast, oral cancer, cancer cervix, leukemia, Etiology, pathogenesis and histopathology of - cirrhosis liver, glomerulonephritis, tuberculosis, acute osteomyelitis.
  1. Microbiology:
  • Humoral and cell mediated immunity
  • Diseases caused by and laboratory diagnosis of-
  • Meningococcus, Salmonella
  • Shigella, Herpes, Dengue, Polio
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria, E. Histolytica, Giardia
  • Candida, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus
  1. Pharmacology:
  • Mechanism of action and side effects of the following drugs
  • Antihypertensive, Antidiuretics, General and cardiac vasodilators, Antiviral, Antiparasitic, Antifungal, Immunosuppressants
  • Anticancer
  1. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology:
  • Forensic examination of injuries and wounds; Examination of blood and seminal stains; poisoning, sedative overdose, hanging, drowning, burns, DNA and finger print study

Paper II Syllabus:

  1. General Medicine:
  • Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management (including prevention) of: - Tetanus, Rabies, AIDS, Dengue, Kala-azar, Japanese Encephalitis.
  • Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis and principles of management of:
  • Ischaemic heart disease, pulmonary embolism.
  • Bronchial asthma.
  • Pleural effusion, tuberculosis, Malabsorption syndromes, acid peptic diseases, Viral hepatitis and cirrhosis of liver.
  • Glomerulonerphritis and pyelonephritis, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, renovascular hypertension, complications of diabetes mellitus, coagulation disorders, leukemia, Hypo and hyper thyrodism, meningitis and encephalitis.
  • Imaging in medical problems, ultrasound, echocardiogram, CT scan, MRI.
  • Anxiety and Depressive Psychosis and schizophrenia and ECT.
  1. Pediatrics:
  • Immunization, Baby friendly hospital, congenital cyanotic heart disease, respiratory distress syndrome, broncho - pneumonias, kernicterus. IMNCI classification and management, PEM grading and management. ARI and Diarrhea of under-five and their management.
  1. Dermatology:
  • Psoriasis, Allergic dermatitis, scabies, eczema, vitiligo, Stevan Johnson's syndrome, Lichen Planus.
  1. General Surgery:
  • Clinical features, causes, diagnosis and principles of management of cleft palate, harelip.
  • Laryngeal tumor, oral and esophageal tumors.
  • Peripheral arterial diseases, varicose veins, coarctation of aorta
  • Tumors of Thyroid, Adrenal Glands
  • Abscess, cancer, fibroadenoma and adenosis of breast.
  • Bleeding peptic ulcer, tuberculosis of bowel, ulcerative colitis, cancer stomach.
  • Renal mass, cancer Prostate.
  • Haemothorax, stones of Gall bladder, Kidney, Ureter and Urinary Bladder.
  • Management of surgical conditions of Rectum, Anus and Anal canal, Gall bladder and Bile ducts
  • Splenomegaly, cholecystitis, portal hypertension, liver abscess, peritonitis, carcinoma head of pancreas.
  • Fractures of spine, Colles' fracture and bone tumors.
  • Endoscopy
  • Laprascopic Surgery.
  1. Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Planning:

Diagnosis of pregnancy.

  • Labour management, complications of 3rd stage, Antepartum and postpartum hemorrhage, resuscitation of the newborn, Management of abnormal lie and difficult labour, Management of small for date or premature newborn.
  • Diagnosis and management of anemia. Preeclampsia and Toxaemias of pregnancy, Management of Post menopausal Syndrome.
  • Intra-uterine devices, pills, tubectomy and vasectomy. Medical termination of pregnancy including legal aspects.
  • Cancer cervix.
  • Leucorrhoea, pelvic pain, infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB), amenorrhoea, Fibroid and prolapse of uterus.
  1. Community Medicine (Preventive and Social Medicine):
  • Principles, methods, approach and measurements of Epidemiology
  • Nutrition, nutritional diseases / disorders & Nutrition Programmes.
  • Health information Collection, Analysis and Presentation.
  • Objectives, components and critical analysis of National programmes for control/eradication of:
  • Malaria, Kala-azar, Filaria and Tuberculosis,
  • HIV/AIDS, STDs and Dengue
  • Critical appraisal of Health care delivery system.
  • Health management and administration: Techniques, Tools, Programme Implementation and Evaluation.
  • Objective, Component, Goals and Status of Reproductive and Child Health, National Rural Health Mission and Millennium Development Goals
  • Management of hospital and industrial waste.