About Hindi Language: -

Hindi language, member of the Indo-Aryan group within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is the preferred official language of India, although much national business is also done in English and the other languages recognized in the Indian constitution.

Hindi Syllabus Subject For UPSC

Hindi is the language provided as a Literature Optional which focuses on the candidates’ understanding of the basic concepts of literature. Candidates who have studied the Hindi literature can opt for it as an optional subject in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Exam. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing students should keep IAS Mains Hindi Syllabus and previous papers for reference. The aspirants who are well versed with the Hindi language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects can easily score high marks in this optional. 

Hindi Syllabus Exam Pattern: -

The Hindi language is one of the optional subjects offered for the 2 optional papers in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Main Exam. Each Hindi optional paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Hindi mains paper is 3 hours. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Hindi literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. The aspirants have to answer the questions from both the papers in Hindi language.

Advantages of choosing Hindi 

· Well defined syllabus and Less subjectivity

  • Direct and straightforward questions
  • Ample scope to score marks with diagrams
  • The inquiries in this subject are immediate and crucial.
  • Room for interpretation in the written answers
  • Quality of answers as there is no limitation to different kinds of answers.
  • Updation in the syllabus is rare

Disadvantages of choosing Hindi

  • Subjective Nature of the answers can lead to less scoring at times if your views do not match with the evaluator.
  • Lack of resources
  • No syllabus overlaps with GS papers
  • Essay writing and interviews won’t pose much of a problem as the amount of reading will help with these.

Paper 1

The syllabus for Hindi Optional Paper 1 includes-

Section A- History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi

 Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.

 Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during the medieval period.

 The early form of Khari-boli in Siddha- Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitya, Rahim, etc. and Dakhni Hindi.

Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during the 19th Century.

Standardization of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.

Development of Hindi as a national Language during the freedom movement.

The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.

Section B- History of Hindi Literature

The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.

Literary trends of the following four periods of the history of Hindi Literature, that is, Adikal, Bhaktikal, Ritikal, Adhunik Kaal

Hindi Prose

Drama and Theatre

Criticism

Other forms of Hindi prose such as Lalit Nibandh, Rekhachitra (Sketches), Sansmaran (Memoirs), Yatra-Vrittant (Travelogues), etc.

Paper 2

The syllabus for Paper 2 includes the following prescribed texts-

Section A

  • Kabir- Kabir Granthavali, Ed, Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis)
  • Surdas- Bhramar Geet Sar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
  • Tulsidas- Ramcharitmanas
  • Jayasi: Padmawat Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)
  • Bihari- Bihari Ratnakar Jagannath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
  • Maithili Sharan Gupta- Bharat Bharati
  • Prasad- Kamayani (Chinta and Shraddha Sarg)
  • Nirala- Rag Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta)
  • Dinkar- Kurukshetra
  • Agyeya- Aangan Ke Paar Dwaar
  • Muktibodh: Brahm Rakhashas
  • Nagarjun: Badal ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha

Section B

  • Bharatendu: Bharat Durdasha
  • Mohan Rakesh: Ashad Ka Ek Din
  • Ramchandra Shukla: Chintamani (Part I) (Kavita Kya Hai]
  • Satyendra: Nibandh Nilaya
  • Premchand: Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai/Manjusha – Prem Chand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai.
  • Prasad: Skandagupta
  • Yashpal: Divya
  • Phaniswar Nath Renu:Maila Anchal
  • Mannu Bhandari: Mahabhoj
  • Rajendra Yadav: Ek Dunia Samanantar