IAS FULL FORM

IAS FULL FORM

Table of Contents: –

  1. What is IAS Exam?
  2. IAS Exam Eligibility Criteria
  3. Age Relaxation Criteria
  4. How to apply for IAS Exam?
  5. UPSC Exam Pattern
  6. What are the Responsibilities of an IAS official?
  7. What are the powers of an IAS officer?
  8. Strategy for Early Birds
  9. Syllabus
  10. Booklist
  11. IAS Recruitment and Training
  12. UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 Updates

1. What is IAS Exam?

IAS Full Form – The IAS Civil Services Examination is the opening gate to become IAS and IPS officers. This exam is conducted by the constitutional body, Union Public Service Commission i.e., UPSC. UPSC is the central agency that conducts Civil services Exams for the posts of Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS).

2. IAS Exam Eligibility Criteria

UPSC has mentioned the age limit for IAS in the official IAS notification. The candidates need to ensure that they fall within the prescribed age limit because UPSC can cancel the candidature of the candidate at any moment in the wake of non-conformity to the eligibility criteria.

The candidate must attain the age of 21 years and must not exceed the age of 32 years. The date of birth as mentioned in the High School/Higher Secondary certificate will be considered by the UPSC.

The following are the basic eligibility criteria for the IAS exam:

  1. Age Limit: – 21-32 years with age relaxation for reserved categories
  2. Qualification: – Graduation degree from a recognized university
  3. Maximum Number of Attempts: – 6
  4. Nationality: – Citizen of India or Subject of Nepal/Bhutan, or Tibetan refugee and Indian Origin Migrants from select countries.

 

3. Age Relaxation Criteria: –

CategoryAge Relaxation 
SC/ ST5 Years
OBC3 Years
Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof3 Years
Ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years of military service as on August 1, 2021 and have been released5 Years
PwD [(a) blindness and low vision; (b) deaf and hard of hearing; (c) locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy; (d) autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness; and (e) multiple disabilities from amongst persons under clauses (a) to (d) including deaf-blindness]10 Years

4. How to Apply for IAS Exam?

Amongst several posts offered by Union Public Service Commission, the Civil Aspirants craves for the two important posts of IAS and IPS officers. These posts are the most celebrated in the Union Public Service Commission.

Following are the general steps every aspirant should follow to become an IAS /IPS officer: –

  1. Check the notification for the UPSC exams. The notification is generally released in February, every year.
  2. After carefully reading the notification, Apply for the exams within the specified time limit.
  3. Once the application is completed, Prepare your Study time table as per the dates of examination.
  4. Select the sources, NCERTs, and Reference books for every subject.
  5. Prepare accordingly for every stage of the UPSC examination: Preliminary, Mains, and Personality Test.
  6. To apply for the Mains Exam, the aspirants should fill the Detailed Application Form (DAF) considering the minute details.
  7. After clearing the cut-off for mains, take multiple mock interviews to get a good hold on Personality Test.
  8. Once you secure a good rank in the UPSC exam you can become IAS/IPS officer.

5. UPSC Exam Pattern

The UPSC Civil Services exam is held in three stages namely Preliminary, Mains, and Personal Interview. Each stage has its pattern and it is significant to clear every stage to become an IAS officer.

Stage 1: – Preliminary Exam

Among the three stages of the UPSC exam, the first stage is the Preliminary Exam. It comprises two papers of 200 marks each containing objective-type multiple-choice questions. The time allotted to attempt each exam is 2 hours which needs to be mandatorily attempted by the candidates. The candidates need to score qualifying marks to clear the cut-off. The duration of the exam is two hours. Paper-2 (CSAT) in the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination is a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%. The Prelims consists of two papers of 200 marks each. The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English.

Name of the PaperNo of QuestionsTopics Included (Brief)Marks AllottedTime Allotted
Paper I: General Studies  (Objective-type)100Questions from subjects like History, Polity, Geography, Science, Economy, Current Affairs are asked.2002 hours
Paper-II: (CSAT) (Objective-Type)80Questions from topics like Maths, Logical Reasoning, Reading comprehension are asked.2002 hours

Stage 2: – Mains Exam

Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for the Main exam. The UPSC mains exam is conducted in 2 parts: – qualifying papers and merit exams. There are a total of 9 papers in the Mains exam. Every paper is of 3 hours and extra 30 minutes extra is given to blind students.

Paper A and Paper B are 300 marks each and the remaining papers are 250 marks each.

The questions in Mains are of the subjective type and can be written in either Hindi or English language.

PaperSubjectDurationTotal marksTime Allotted
Paper ACompulsory Indian language3 hours3003 hours
Paper BEnglish3 hours3003 hours
Paper IEssay3 hours2503 hours
Paper-IIGeneral Studies I3 hours2503 hours
Paper IIIGeneral Studies II3 hours2503 hours
Paper IVGeneral Studies III3 hours2503 hours
Paper VGeneral Studies IV3 hours2503 hours
Paper VIOptional I3 hours2503 hours
Paper VIIOptional II3 hours2503 hours
Sub TotalWritten Test 1750 
 Personality Test 275 
 Grand Total 2025 

Stage 3: – Personality Test/ Interview: –

The Personality test is the last and most significant phase of UPSC Exam. On the basis of marks secured in the Main exam, the candidates will be called for Interview. The personality test is conducted for 275 marks.

This stage tests an applicant’s psychological and social qualities. The candidates are examined for qualities such as mental sharpness, focus, clear and sensible work, an equilibrium interest, capacity for social initiative and moral honesty.

Here, the applicant will be posed a few situations to check their decision power. The board checks if the individual in question is good for the Civil Services profession based on their skills and abilities.

Venue: Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi-110069

Timing: Two sessions per day (Forenoon session 9:00 AM onwards, Afternoon session 1:00 PM onwards).

Dress Code: Basic formals (dark trousers with a light-coloured plain shirt for men and saris or ‘churidar’ for women)

Maximum Marks: 275

6. What are the Responsibilities of an IAS official?

Aside from post explicit and job explicit forces and obligations, each IAS officials are offered ability to satisfy certain overall duties as referenced underneath:

  • To deal with the legislative issues and framework.
  • Implement and oversee the execution interaction of administrative approaches.
  • Disburse assets and assets for execution of arrangements and upkeep and support of administrative framework.
  • Ensure zero abnormalities in store the executives, as the official is liable to the Parliament and separate state governing body for bookkeeping of assets designated to them.

7. What are the Powers of an IAS officer?

The powers and responsibilities of the IAS officer are interdependent. An IAS officer has to look after the following functions: –

  • Implementation of government policies and schemes.
  • Management of government infrastructure.
  • Taking decisions in case of disasters and emergencies.
  • Allocation and utilization of funds.

8. Strategy for Early Birds: –

1.Understand the Syllabus: – The first step towards clearing the IAS exam is understanding the syllabus. This will help the early birds on focusing the syllabus points while reading Newspapers and reference books.

  1. Study Previous Year Questions: – Once the syllabus is understood, the next step is to analyze the patterns and sources of questions asked in the previous year Prelims and Mains exam. The early birds should also study the previous year’s Essay topics which will help them to comprehend the topics to be studied.
  2. Reading the Sources: – Most early birds spent 90 % of their time reading the NCERTs and Reference sources. Reading of NCERTs and Reference material for General Studies, Essay, and Optional subject should be completed in a definite time frame.
  3. Preparing the Notes: – To raise the efficiency of their preparation, the early birds should consider making their notes. This will be beneficial in retaining the important points of any topic that has been read from different sources.
  4. Value addition: – The IAS exam demands the aspirants to be up to the mark in terms of current data which may be the latest Report, Indices, Study, or any government Initiative.
  5. Revise-Revise-Revise: – The most important part of any competitive exam is revising the material you have read so far. The focus should be on revising each source material 3 times before the Prelims and Mains exam.
  6. Practice Prelims and Mains Mock Tests: – To increase the performance in Prelims and Mains exam, the aspirants should take extra efforts by taking Prelims and Mains mock tests.

9. Syllabus: –

IAS Prelims Syllabus 

General Studies Paper 1General Studies Paper 2
Current events of national and international importance. History of India and Indian National Movement. Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World. Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc. Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization. General ScienceComprehension Interpersonal skills including communication skills. Logical reasoning and analytical ability. Decision making and problem solving. General mental ability. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level).


 

IAS Mains Syllabus 

PaperSubjectSyllabusMarks
Paper ACompulsory Indian languageComprehension of given passages Precis Writing Usage and Vocabulary Short Essays Translation from English to the Indian Language and vice-versa.300
Paper BEnglish 300
Paper IEssay 250
Paper-IIGeneral Studies IGeneral Studies-I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)250
Paper IIIGeneral Studies IIGeneral Studies -II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)250
Paper IVGeneral Studies IIIGeneral Studies -III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)250
Paper VGeneral Studies IVGeneral Studies -IV (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)250
Paper VIOptional IOptional Subject – Paper 1250
Paper VIIOptional IIOptional Subject – Paper 2250

10. Optional Subject list: –

Agriculture

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Anthropology

Botany

Chemistry

Civil Engineering

Commerce and Accountancy

Economics

Electrical Engineering

Geography

Geology

History

Law Management

Mathematics

Mechanical Engineering

Medical Science

Philosophy

Physics

Political Science and International Relations

Psychology

Public Administration

Sociology

Statistics

Zoology

Literature

11. Booklist: –

Polity

  1. Indian Polity by M Laxmikanth
  2. Introduction to the Constitution of India: D D Basu

Geography

  1. Certificate Physical and human geography – Goh Cheng Leong
  2. Orient Longman Atlas of Oxford Atlas
  3. 11th NCERT Geography: Fundamentals of Physical Geography
  4. 11th NCERT Geography – India Physical Environment

Environment

  1. Shankar IAS book
  2. Ecology & Environment Chapter (India Year Book)
  3. ICSE Environmental Education 9th & 10th
  4. Unit X – Class 12th Biology NCERT

History

  1. India’s struggle for Independence – Bipin Chandra
  2. From Plassey to Partition: Shekhar Bandyopadhyaya
  3. A Brief History of Modern India- Spectrum Publications
  4. New NCERT – Class XII th Themes in Indian History – Part III

Culture

  1. Old NCERT: Ancient India
  2. Old NCERT: Medieval India
  3. Class XI NCERT – Introduction to Fine Art (part 1)
  4. Class XII th New NCERT – Themes in Indian History Part -1 and Part 2

Economy

  1. 11th NCERT: Economics: Indian Economic Development
  2. 12th NCERT: Economics: Macroeconomics
  3. Indian Economy Dutt and Sundaram

Science

  1. General Science books – IX and X standard

12. IAS Recruitment and Training

After final Result is declared, selected Civil Service officers have to undergo 15 weeks training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) . The training is given in two stages. In stage I of the training, the officers learn to expand the proficient qualities in managing the huge arrays of tasks for 26 weeks. Then district training for several parts of administrative responsibilities of regional sorts, including location study of assignment for the academy. The duration is of 52 weeks where the officers experiences about the actual execution of the regional administration. The district training aims for the allotment of Cadres for the actual appointment.

13. UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 Updates

  1. UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 Postponed

Due to the ongoing lockdown and the second wave of Novel Coronavirus (COVID 19) pandemic, the UPSC has postponed the IAS Preliminary Exam 2021 scheduled on June 27. The Commission has decided to conduct the IAS Preliminary Exam 2021 on October 10th.

  • IAS Prelims 2021: No Extra Attempt For Aspirants Who Missed Exam Due To COVID

The Central Government has decided not to grant an extra attempt to Civil Services’ aspirants, who could not appear for the Preliminary exam held in October last year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.  Additional Solicitor General SV Raju said, “This is not the exam where you prepare at the last minutes. People prepare for years together.” The SC bench comprises of Justices AM Khanwilkar and Dinesh Maheshwari said, “We appreciate your stand.”

  • IAS Prelims 2021 COVID-19 Guidelines 

The UPSC has released the important instructions for candidates while appearing for IAS Preliminary 2021 examination amid Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The sources suggest that the Commission is likely to continue the same guidelines to appear for the exam. Candidates should wear a face mask or cover, carry their own hand sanitiser and following the social distancing norms at the exam centre.