About Santhali Language: -
Santali language, Santali also spelled Santhali, a Munda language spoken primarily in the east-central Indian states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Orissa. Santali includes a northern and a southern dialect. It is the major member of a sub-group of the Kherwarian branch of North Munda.
Santhali Syllabus Subject For UPSC
Santhali is the language provided as a Literature Optional which focuses on the candidates’ understanding of the basic concepts of literature. Candidates who have studied the Santhali literature can opt for it as an optional subject in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Exam. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing students should keep IAS Mains Santhali Syllabus and previous papers for reference. The aspirants who are well versed with the Santhali language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects can easily score high marks in this optional.
Santhali Syllabus Exam Pattern: -
The Santhali language is one of the optional subjects offered for the 2 optional papers in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Main Exam. Each Santhali optional paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Santhali mains paper is 3 hours. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Santhali literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. The aspirants have to answer the questions from both the papers in Santhali language.
Advantages of choosing Santhali
· Well defined syllabus and Less subjectivity
- Direct and straightforward questions
- Ample scope to score marks with diagrams
- The inquiries in this subject are immediate and crucial.
- Room for interpretation in the written answers
- Quality of answers as there is no limitation to different kinds of answers.
- Updation in the syllabus is rare
Disadvantages of choosing Santhali
- Subjective Nature of the answers can lead to less scoring at times if your views do not match with the evaluator.
- Lack of resources
- No syllabus overlaps with GS papers
- Essay writing and interviews won’t pose much of a problem as the amount of reading will help with these.
IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Santali Paper 1
Answers must be written in Santali
Part – I (History of Santali Language)
Main Austric Language family, population and distribution.
Grammatical structure of Santali Language.
Important character of Santali Language : Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Translation, Lexicography.
Impact of other languages on Santali.
Standardization of Santali Language.
Part – II (History of Santali Literature)
Literary trends of the following four periods of History of Santali Literature
Ancient literature before 1854.
Missionary period : Literature between 1855 to 1889 AD.
Medieval period: Literature between 1890 to 1946 AD.
Modern period: Literature from 1947 AD to till date.
Writing tradition in History of Santali literature.
Literary forms – Main characteristics, history and development of following literary forms.
Part – I
Folk Literature in Santali – folk song, folk tale, phrase, idioms, puzzles, and Kudum.
Part – II (Modern literature in Santali)
Development of poetry and prominent poets.
Development of prose and prominent writers.
Novels and prominent Novelists.
Stories and prominent story writers.
Drama and prominent Dramatist.
Criticism and prominent critics. (v) Essay, sketches, memoirs, travelogues and prominent writers.
Shyam Sundar Hembram, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Barha Beshra, Sadhu Ramchand Murmu, Narayan Soren 'Toresutam', Sarada Prasad Kisku, Raghunath Tudu, Kalipada Soren, Sakla Soren, Digambar Hansda, Aditya Mitra 'Santali', Babulal Murmu 'Adivasi', Jadumani Beshra, Arjun Hembram, Krishna Chandra Tudu, Rupchand Hansda, Kalendra Nath Mandi, Mahadev Hansda, Gour Chandra Murmu, Thakur Prasad Murmu, Hara Prasad Murmu, Uday Nath Majhi, Parimal Hembram, Dhirendra Nath Baske, Shyam Charan Hembram, Damayanti Beshra, T.K. Rapaj, Boyha Biswanath Tudu.
Part – III
Cultural Heritage of Santali tradition, customs, festival and rituals (birth, marriage and death).
IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Santali Paper 2
Answers must be written in Santali
This paper will require in-depth reading of the following texts and the questions will be designed to test the candidates' critical ability.
Ancient Literature :
Kherwal Bonso Dhorom Puthi – Majhi Ramdas Tudu "Rasika".
Mare Hapramko Reyak Katha – L. O. Scrafsrud.
Jomsim Binti Lita – Mangal Chandra Turkulumang Soren.
Marang Buru Binti – Kanailal Tudu.
Karam Sereng – Nunku Soren.
Devi Dasain Sereng – Manindra Hansda.
Horh Sereng – W.G. Archer.
Baha Sereng – Balaram Tudu.
Dong Sereng – Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu 'Thakur'
Hor Sereng – Raghunath Murmu.
Soros Sereng – Babulal Murmu "Adivasi".
More Sin More Nida – Rup chand Hansda.
Judasi Madwa Latar – Tez Narayan Murmu.
Section B – Modern Literature
Part I – Poetry
Onorhen Baha Dhalwak – Paul Jujhar Soren.
Asar Binti – Narayan Soren "Tore Sutam"
Chand Mala – Gora Chand Tudu.
Onto Baha Mala – Aditya Mitra « Santali ».
Tiryo Tetang – Hari Har Hansda.
Sisirjon Rar – Thakur Prasad Murmu.
Part II – Novels
Harmawak Ato – R.Karstiars (Translator – R.R. Kisku Rapaz)
(b) Manu Mati – Chandra Mohan Hansda.
(c) Ato Orak – Doman Hansdak.
(d) Ojoy Gada Dhiph re – Nathenial Murmu.
Part III – Stories
Jiyon Gada – Rup Chand Hansda and Jadumani Beshra.
Mayajaal - Doman Sahu 'Samir' and Padmashri Bhagwat Murmu 'Thakur'
Part IV – Drama
Kherwar Bir – Pandit Raghunath Murmu
Juri Khatir – Dr. K.C. Tudu.
Birsa Bir – Ravi Lal Tudu
Part V – Biography
Santal Ko Ren Mayam Gohako-Dr. Biswanath Hansda