About Sindhi Language: -

Sindhi language, Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 23 million people in Pakistan, mostly living in the southeastern province of Sindh, where it has official status, and in the adjacent Las Bela district of Balochistan. In India, where Sindhi is one of the languages recognized by the constitution

Sindhi Syllabus Subject For UPSC

Sindhi is the language provided as a Literature Optional which focuses on the candidates’ understanding of the basic concepts of literature. Candidates who have studied the Sindhi literature can opt for it as an optional subject in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Exam. Analytical and unconventional questions are appearing in previous papers so while preparing students should keep IAS Mains Sindhi Syllabus and previous papers for reference. The aspirants who are well versed with the Sindhi language and are familiar with the grammatical aspects can easily score high marks in this optional. 

Sindhi Syllabus Exam Pattern: -

The Sindhi language is one of the optional subjects offered for the 2 optional papers in the IAS (UPSC CSE) Main Exam. Each Sindhi optional paper consists of 250 marks. Duration for each Sindhi mains paper is 3 hours. With well-planned strategies, you can easily score well in the Sindhi literature. Interest should be the prime criteria for choosing any optional. The aspirants have to answer the questions from both the papers in Sindhi language.

Advantages of choosing Sindhi  

· Well defined syllabus and Less subjectivity

  • Direct and straightforward questions
  • Ample scope to score marks with diagrams
  • The inquiries in this subject are immediate and crucial.
  • Room for interpretation in the written answers
  • Quality of answers as there is no limitation to different kinds of answers.
  • Updation in the syllabus is rare

Disadvantages of choosing Sindhi

  • Subjective Nature of the answers can lead to less scoring at times if your views do not match with the evaluator.
  • Lack of resources
  • No syllabus overlaps with GS papers
  • Essay writing and interviews won’t pose much of a problem as the amount of reading will help with these.

IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Sindhi Paper 1

Answers must be written in Sindhi) (Arabic or Devanagari script)

Section A

  • Origin and evolution of Sindhi language- views of different scholars.
  • Significant linguistic features of Sindhi language, including those pertaining to its phonology, morphology and syntax.
  • Major dialects of the Sindhi language.
  • Sindhi vocabulary-stages of its growth, including those in the pre-partition and post-partition periods.
  • Historical study of various Writing Systems (Scripts) of Sindhi.
  • Changes in the structure of Sindhi language in India, after partition, due to an influence of other languages and social conditions.

Section B

Sindhi literature through the ages in context of socio-cultural conditions in the respective periods :

  • Early medieval literature up to 1350 A.D. including folk literature.
  • Late medieval period from 1350 A.D. to 1850 A.D.
  • Renaissance period from 1850 A.D. to 1947 A.D.
  • Modern period from 1947 and onwards.

IAS (UPSC CSE) Mains Sindhi Paper 2

Answers must be written in Sindhi (Arabic or Devanagari Script).

This paper will require the first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.

Section A

References to context and critical appreciation of the texts included in this section.

  • Poetry
    • “Shah Jo Choond Shair” : ed. H.I. Sadarangani, Published by Sahitya Akademi (First 100 pages)
    • “Sachal Jo Choond Kalam”: ed. Kalyan B. Advani Published by Sahitya Akademi (Kafis only)
    • “Sami-a-ja Choond Sloka”: ed. B.H. Nagrani Published by Sahitya Akademi (First 100 pages)
    • “Shair-e-Bewas” : by Kishinchand Bewas (“Saamoondi Sipoon” portion only)
    • “Roshan Chhanvro”: Narayan Shyam
    • “Virhange Khanpoije Sindhi Shair jee Choond”: ed. H.I. Sadarangani Published by Sahitya Akademi
  • Drama
    • “Behtareen Sindhi Natak” (One-act Plays) : Edited by M. Kamal Published by Gujarat Sindhi Academy.
    • “Kako Kaloomal” (Full-length Play) : by Madan Juman

Section B

References to context and critical appreciation of the texts included in this section.

  • ‘Pakheeara Valar Khan Vichhrya’ (Novel): by Gobind Malhi
  • ‘Sat Deenhan’ (Novel): by Krishan Khatwani
  • ‘Choond Sindhi Kahanyoon’ (Short Stories) Vol. III. : Edited by Prem Prakash, Published by Sahitya Akademi.
  • ‘Bandhan’ (Short Stories) : Sundari Uttamchandani
  • ‘Behtareen Sindhi Mazmoon’ (Essays): Edited by Hiro Thakur, published by Gujarat Sindhi Akademi.
  • ‘Sindhi Tanqeed’ (Criticism): Edited by Harish Vaswani: Published by Sahitya Akademi.
  • ‘Mumhinjee Hayati-a ja Sona Ropa varqa’ (Autobiography) : by Popati Hiranandani
  • “Dr. Choithram Gidwani” (Biography) : by Vishnu Sharma.