Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is a fantasy vocation for lakhs of competitors in India. Who would rather not work in the biggest administrative organization on the planet! In excess of 8 lakh understudies apply for the test yet just 1,000 land their amazing position. The distinction? UPSC Preparation Strategy! Consequently, one troublesome inquiry that each new hopeful has to him – How to begin getting ready for UPSC should be replied!

In this article, we have taken a stab at clarifying all that a fresher should accomplish for launch their readiness process. Furthermore, in the event that you believe you’re cowardly, well beginning EARLY! Need a tip? Get going with perusing this article “On the most proficient method to get ready for UPSC 2022”!

Here is a rundown of things that you ought to do BEFORE starting your planning process!

Stage 1: Know the dates of the test:

It’s nothing unexpected that you ought to be preferably know the dates ahead of time. It will assist you with arranging your review plan for terms of the quantity of hours that you need to devote. Settle on when you need to show up for the test. A limit of 6 endeavours for general classification competitors is permitted. Thus, don’t sit for the test ill-equipped. Have no less than 12-14 months of time to concentrate thoroughly in the event that you’re a fresher.

Stage 2: Contemplate on WHY you need to get ready

It requires about a year to get ready for UPSC and one more year to finish the UPSC test process! Thus, regardless of whether you break it in the main endeavour, it will be a two-year long cycle. Consequently, it is essential to have an adequate number of motivations to keep yourself roused all through the planning venture.

Stage 3: How much time is expected for UPSC arrangement?

It is an exceptionally emotional inquiry and will rely heavily on how well you plan, what is your IAS readiness system, who you decide to be your coach, whether you’re totally new to the arrangement situation or have a fair digit of thought regarding various subjects and how long could you at any point dedicate each day to the readiness! Preferably, 12-14 months of time is all that could possibly be needed for planning of this sought-after test.

Stage 4: Do a SWOT Analysis

It is relevant that you do a SWOT investigation before you start with your UPSC test readiness. It will help you in recognizing your assets and shortcomings; the valuable open doors that you will actually want to tap and the dangers that perhaps there. It will permit you to know the stakes that are related with your arrangement.

Whenever you have done these and you are prepared to dive in, here’s a substantial IAS Preparation Strategy that you can take motivation from to devise your own. Continuously recollect that every one of the specialists, coaches, clinchers or your companions who may currently be in the arrangement stage can perceive you their thought process ought to be finished.

IAS Exam Preparation Tips & Syllabus

  1. Syllabus: Prelims (GS + CSAT)
  2. Stage-II: Mains (GS Paper-I, II, III & IV)
  3. Stage-III: Interview

Stage-I: Prelims (GS + CSAT)

The Civil Services Examination is conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to screen the candidates for the prestigious civil services at the central level. The candidate, are screened at three stages viz Prelims, Mains, and Interview. This article is all about the approaches to various levels, books to be followed and recent trends of the examination.

Stage-1: Prelims
What are Prelims all about?

  • Prelims assessment comprises of 2 obligatory papers – General Studies paper and (CSAT) Civil help fitness test to test the scientific abilities of the competitor.
  • Every one of the inquiries in the prelims test are even-handed in nature. In this way, the up-and-comer needs to pick any one choice out of 4 responses given for each inquiry.
  • Questions are in both Hindi and English language. In any case, appreciation inquiries in the English language in the CSAT paper are without Hindi interpretations.
  • Questions are in both Hindi and English language. Likewise, the prelims test is qualifying as it were. The cut-off of paper ‘I’ is chosen by UPSC consistently.
  • The CSAT paper requires the possibility to score no less than 33% for example 66 imprints to qualify and to have the option to sit for the Mains test.The merit is solely decided on the basis of score in Paper-I.

Prelims Syllabus

Paper 1(General Studies) – This will test the student’s knowledge and passion for learning about the country. Also, the questions are from various aspects like history, geography, economy and much more.

  • Events of National and International Importance
  • Geography impact in the country
  • Constitutional and governance structure
  • Issues faced by the country currently
  • Social and Economic Development
  • Research and development
  • Scientific development

Paper 2 (Civil Services Aptitude Test) – In the CSAT paper, students have to score at least 33% to crack the exam. So, candidates have to practice mock tests to be able to score the minimum marks. However, the aptitude of the student determines the ability to solve complex problems, time management, and much more. Also, the important fields to practice for the Civil Services Exam (CSE) are as follows:

  • Logical Reasoning
  • The capacity of problem-solving
  • Interpersonal Skills
  • Numerical Ability
  • Analytical Skills
  • Comprehension
  • Synonyms/antonyms

What are the subjects/points should have been read up for Paper-I and Paper-II and books for reference?

Paper-I: The paper is the main paper of fundamental stage as the legitimacy is settled on its score. Here is a rundown of subjects/points covered under it and the books to allude to particular subjects: –

(I) History: The subject can be partitioned into:
(a) Ancient History: NCERT Books (old RS. Sharma)

(b) Medieval History: NCERT Books (Satish Chandra)

(c) Modern History: Spectrum, India’s battle for Independence by Bipin Chandra

(d) Art and Culture: NCERT (Class XI)

(ii) Geography: Following the books to be followed for geology:
(a) NCERT (Class XI and XII)

(b) Atlas (vital: Orient Black Swann or Oxford)

(c) G.C. Leong (Last 10 Chapters are required rest book can be followed as well)


(iii) Polity: Books to be alluded is/are:


(a) Laxmi Kant or

(b) DD Basu

(iv) Economics: This is an exceptionally powerful piece and should be refreshed chance to time. It is extremely huge as well. Books required for reference are:-
(a) Ramesh Singh (for fundamental ideas)

(b) Economic Survey (Mandatory)

(c) Current occasions Including plans

(v) Ecology and Environment: The heaviness of this piece is reliably expanding and as of now is a fundamental piece of a primer assessment. Books are:
(a) Environmental examinations by Each Bharuch

(b) Notes given by the establishment.

(vi) Science and Technology: Books to be alluded to this part are:
(a) NCERT (6-tenth)
(vii) Current Affairs: This is becoming one of the most fundamental bits of all since the most recent two years. This segment cuts across the wide range of various areas viz. Commonwealth, Economy, Science and Tech., Ecology and Environment and Culture. Books to be alluded are:
(a)Newspaper:(The Hindu or Indian Express)
(b) Elite IAS monthly current affairs monthly magazine.

Negative Marking

The Civil Services Exam (CSE) pattern is very different from other exams. Also, the candidates can easily get negative marking in the UPSC Exam. In other words, 3 incorrect answers will lead to around 2 marks deduction. In short, the candidate will get a 1/3rd mark deducted for incorrect answers. There is no negative marking for blank answers.

Paper Type No. of questions Marks Duration Negative Marks
General Studies I Objective 100 2*100 = 200 2 hours Yes, 0.66
General Studies II(CSAT) Objective 80 2.5*80 = 200 2 hours Yes, 0.83

IAS Exam Pattern for Mains

  • UPSC CSE mains is a disconnected test. There are a sum of 9 papers in the Mains test.
  • Each paper is of 3 hours and additional 30 minutes extra is given to dazzle understudies.
  • Paper ‘A’ and Paper ‘B’ are of 300 denotes each and the excess papers are of 250 denotes each.
  • The mains test is partitioned into 2 sections qualifying and being considered for merit. Also, it is necessary to cover for every one of the tests to go into the meeting stage. Here, questions are emotional. Also, you can write in one or the other Hindi or English language So, the up-and-comer is get tried in light of information and comprehension of the subject. You need to answer contacting the essential and applicable angles. You will likewise be set apart upon whether you can give significant and useful way advancesQualifying Paper
  1. Paper A – Either of the Indian languages can be selected from the 8th schedule of the constitution. It carries 300 marks.
  2. Paper B – This paper tests your knowledge of basic English paper. And it also carries 300 marks.

General Studies – The understudies need to score least stamps in the general examinations paper to break the test. Additionally, the inquiry paper is set to test the understudy’s capacity to investigate. All in all, the inquiries test the’s comprehension understudy might interpret the idea and subject. Nonetheless, there would be 2 discretionary tests that the understudy should browse. The rundown of GS and Optional papers and checks is given beneath for more data:

Paper Title of the Paper Marks Allotted
Paper 1 Essay writing 250 Marks
Paper 2 General Studies–I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society) 250 Marks
Paper 3 General Studies –II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 250 Marks
Paper 4 General Studies –III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 250 Marks
Paper 5 General Studies –IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) 250 Marks
Paper 6 Optional Subject – Paper 1 250 Marks
Paper 7 Optional Subject – Paper 2 250 Marks
Sub Total in the written Test 1750 Marks
Personal Interview 275 Marks
Grand Total ( for merit calculation) 2025 Marks

Mains Syllabus

Paper A (Any Indian Language) – This paper is to test the candidate’s knowledge of the language.
Paper B (English) – This paper tests your ability to understand the English language.
Paper 3(Essay Writing) – Students write essays on the topic of their choice.
Paper 4(General Studies 1) – It will have questions related to ancient India like history, geography, heritage and much more.

  • Ancient, Medieval, and Modern – History of India.
  • Significant changes in Architecture, Literature, etc.
  • Significance of Geography.
  • Diversity, Indian Society.
  • Globalization

Paper 5(General Studies 2) – This part will have questions regarding the reform in Indian governance after Independence. Further, the topics are:

  • India’s Constitution
  • Analysis of the world’s constitution
  • Legislature and Parliament
  • Main issues faced by the nation and solutions
  • Welfare schemes by the government
  • Structures and departments in government.
  • International Relations.

Paper 6(General Studies 3) – This paper has questions regarding the Modern Indian Economy and key developments. Topics included are:

  • Indian Economy
  • Farming
  • Science
  • Research and Development
  • IT
  • Environmental Studies
  • Achievement in different fields
  • Security challenges
  • Industrial growth
  • Infrastructure Development

Paper 7(General Studies 4) – This will have questions about Integrity, Ethics, and aptitude. Moreover, the included topics are:

  • Public Administration ethics
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Behaviour Analysis
  • Functional Values and case studies based on given topics.
  • Moral thinkers.

Paper 8 and 9 – This will cover the optional subjects chosen by the candidates. Students can choose any subject from the following:

  • Agriculture
  • Animal husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
  • Botany
  • Chemistry
  • Civil Engineering
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Economics
  • Electrical Engineer
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History of India
  • Law
  • Management
  • Maths
  • Mechanical Engineer
  • Medical Science
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Political science and international relations
  • Psychology
  • Public administration
  • Sociology
  • Statistics
  • Zoology
  • Literature of any available 23 subjects

Stage-III: Interview


Everything without a doubt revolves around your character. One earnest tip for this stage is: Be yourself and don’t take.

The test is one of the hardest one on Earth. Level of vulnerability is very high; however, this shouldn’t allow the contender to veer off from his/her objective. Endeavours in the correct bearings the way to progress. Also, we, around here at Elite IAS are devoted to directing the understudies in the correct bearing. We do it through homeroom educating. All India Test Series, Online Courses (Interactive) and individual help whenever looked for by the competitor.

The people who will seek after a profession in sought after common administrations ought to begin getting ready with an unshakable system and firm commitment.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Why it is critical to comprehend the IAS test design?

Ans. The applicant ought to figure out the Civil Services Exam (CSE) design appropriately on the grounds that it will assist with understanding what to study and what to not. The prospectus ought to be separated in light of qualities and shortcomings.

Q2. What is the IAS test example of Prelims?

Ans. It has 2 papers General Studies and CSAT. In addition, the up-and-comer ought to score 33% in the second paper to break the test.

Q3. Is math’s a decent decision as a discretionary subject?

Ans. Indeed, it is a very scoring subject in UPSC tests. Be that as it may, assuming you are feeble in maths yet you have the interest to learn it, sign up for great training.