Daily Answer Writing for UPSC –29th August 2023


Examine how the integration of women in space missions has led to a more comprehensive and diversified trajectory in the field of space exploration. (150 WORDS)


Past three decades onwards the role of women in various fields are slightly increasing especially in business, education, corporate field etc. But we do not know in some other fields also women are shining at present, especially in space research and defence research.

  • Expanding Perspectives and Innovation: In 2013, India’s Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) included women scientists in key roles. Women scientists were responsible for mission-critical operations, such as communication and navigation. Their participation brought diverse insights and innovative solutions to the mission’s challenges.
  • Breaking Gender Stereotypes: Ritu Karidhal and Moumita Dutta were key scientists behind the success of the Mars Orbiter Mission. Their contributions challenged traditional gender roles in STEM fields and inspired young women in India to pursue careers in space and technology.
  • Enhancing Scientific Research: India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory, Astrosat, was launched in 2015. Women scientists were instrumental in designing and operating the payloads on the observatory, contributing to a more comprehensive understanding of cosmic phenomena.
  • Encouraging STEM Participation: ISRO has launched programs to encourage more women to pursue careers in space science and technology. The “She-Box” initiative provides a platform for women to report instances of harassment in the workplace, ensuring a safe and inclusive environment.
  • Kalpana Chawla Award: Named after the first woman of Indian origin in space, this award recognizes and supports young women pursuing aerospace engineering.
  • Representation and Inspiration: Kalpana Chawla: The late astronaut Kalpana Chawla, an Indian-American, remains an inspiration for women worldwide. Her achievements in space exemplify the capabilities of women in space exploration.
  • Gender-Inclusive Policies: The inclusion of women in ISRO’s workforce has led to the formulation of policies that promote gender equality, such as flexible work hours, maternity leave, and support systems.

Social role prevailing mindsets a woman is primarily still seen as a homemaker. Women’s employment is increasingly accepted in society; but there is a lasting expectation that they should primarily do the household/domestic duties particularly, the care of children. Women are giving importance to their family; simultaneously they should give importance to their personal development also. Because compared to men the women have more willpower and self-confidence, not only that due to education at present they have more awareness about various fields. Tolerance, Patience, Sacrifice, hard work, dedication and sincerity for all we can substitute only one word, that is “Woman”. We hope in future, women will occupy a more important place in the Indian space research organisation.

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