Indian National Symbols: There are various Indian national symbols. India’s national emblems reflect the country’s unique culture and national character. Indians feel proud and patriotic as a result of these symbols. They were picked up all over the place and at different times. The following is a list of Incredible India’s National Symbols for which one should be proud.

National Symbols of India

The following is a list of India’s national symbols.

TitleNational Symbols
National FlagTiranga
National AnthemJana Gana Mana
National CalendarSaka calendar
National SongVande Mataram
National EmblemNational Emblem of India
National FruitMango
National RiverGanga
National AnimalRoyal Bengal Tiger
National TreeIndian Banyan
National Aquatic AnimalGanges River Dolphin
National BirdIndian Peacock
National CurrencyIndian Rupee
National ReptileKing Cobra
National Heritage AnimalIndian Elephant
National FlowerLotus
National VegetablePumpkin
Oath of AllegianceNational Pledge

Importance of National Symbols of India

National Symbols of India: Indian national identity is represented through a total of 17 mascots. The significance of national symbols is explained in the following paragraphs.

  1. First, they represent the country’s rich cultural heritage.
  2. Promote a great sense of pride in the hearts of the population of India.
  3. Be representative of anything particular to India and its people.
  4. Promote the chosen item to a broader audience.
  5. Help to safeguard the national symbol for future generations.
  6. Indian national emblems are outlined here in great depth.
  • National Flag: Tiranga

The Indian flag is called the Tiranga. The Constituent Assembly approved the flag on July 22, 1947, and was created by Pingali Venkayya.

The saffron-coloured flag is a symbol of the country’s power and bravery. Peace and honesty are represented by the Dharma Chakra’s white centre band. As a symbol of abundance and growth, green has long been associated with a place. Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka’s Sarnath abacus appears to have inspired its design. It is a distinctive wheel with almost the same diameter as the white band and 24 spokes. On July 22, 1947, India’s Constituent Assembly approved the country’s national flag design.

  • National Emblem: State Emblem of India

Ashoka’s Lion Capital at Sarnath serves as the inspiration for India’s national emblem. There is a guiding principle here called Satyameva Jayate (“Truth Alone Triumphs). An abacus has four Asiatic lions standing back-to-back on it; the frieze is adorned with high-relief sculptures of an elephant rushing together with other animals such as bulls and lions. With a wheel Dharma chakra at the centre of a horse and a bull, the National Emblem of India represents strength, courage, and self-confidence.

  • National Calendar: Saka Calendar

When the Calendar Committee first unveiled the Saka Calendar in 1957, it was widely regarded as a revolutionary timepiece. On March 22, 1957, the Saka Calendar was formally adopted by the people of Japan.

  • National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana

A rendition of the Indian national anthem Rabindranath Tagore’s Bengali-language composition Jana-Gana-Mana was declared the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950 by the Constituent Assembly. It was initially performed on December 27, 1911, at the Indian National Congress’s Calcutta Session.

A total of five stanzas make up the Anthem. Only the opening line of the National Anthem can be heard here.

  • National Song: Vande Matram

Bankimchandra Chatterji’s Sanskrit composition Vande Mataram is India’s national anthem. A speech by Dr Rajendra Prasad in the Constituent Assembly on 24 January 1950 stated that “the historical role played by Vande Mataram in the battle for Indian liberation, must be honored equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal standing with it.”

In 1896, at the Indian National Congress, Vande Matram was sung for the first time. One of Bankimchandra’s most famous novels, Anand Maths, featured the song (1882).

  • National Currency: Indian Rupee

Currently, the Indian rupee (ISO code: INR) is used as the country’s official currency. The Reserve Bank of India issues currency in the country. As of 2010, the Latin letter “R” has been used as an Indian rupee symbol instead of the “र” (also pronounced as “ra” ) consonant of the Devanagari alphabet. Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam came up with the concept for it. The equality sign appears because of the country’s objective to eliminate economic inequality. The equality sign appears on the INR. INR’s design was chosen from a group of five symbols previously submitted for consideration. In the words of designer Udaya Kumar, the pattern is based on Indian tricolour.

  • National Animal: The Bengal Tiger

It is estimated that the Royal Bengal Tiger, India’s national animal, is among the world’s largest cats. The diminishing population of tigers led to the adoption of the tiger as India’s national animal in April 1973. Before the tiger, the Lion was India’s national animal.

  • National Bird: Peacock

Peacocks are India’s national bird, and the Indian variety, Pavo cristatus, is its most well-known representative. The peacock, a bird native to the subcontinent, symbolizes the unification of vibrant colours in Indian culture. On February 1, 1963, the Peacock became the national bird of India. India’s lowland parts are home to this species, brewing there year-round.

  • National Aquatic Animal: Dolphin

In India, the Ganges river dolphin has been designated as the country’s National Aquatic Animal. Also, Guwahati is home to a city-dwelling python. River dolphins are found in the Ganges, Yamuna, Chambal, and Brahmaputra rivers and their tributaries in South Asia.

  • National Fruit: Mango

The national fruit of India is mango, affectionately referred to as “King of Fruits” (Mangifera indica). Many worldwide have fallen in love with its sweet aroma and delicious flavors since time immemorial. Prosperity and abundance are associated with the fruit because of its status as a national symbol.

  • National Flower: Lotus

In India, Lotus is the official flower (Nelumbo nucifera). The aquatic herb known as ‘Padma’ in Sanskrit is revered in Indian culture as a magical talisman. Spirituality, abundance, wisdom and purity of heart and mind are all associated with the lotus flower.

  • National Tree: Banyan

Known as Ficus benghalensis, the Banyan tree is the official tree of India. Being linked to extended life and having numerous therapeutic benefits, this tree is frequently depicted as the fabled “Kalpa Vriksha” or the “Tree of Wish Fulfillment”. Large numbers of animals can be found in the banyan tree because of its size and long life cycle.

  • National River: Ganga

They are known as the Ganges or the Ganga, India’s national river. Known locally as the Bhagirathi River, it starts in the Himalayas on the Gangotri Glacier’s snow-covered snowfields. Hindus consider the Ganges River to be the most holy river on the Earth. There are 2,510 kilometres of mountain, plain, and valleys in the Ganga river basin, making it the longest river in India. It flows through the main Indian cities of Varanasi, Allahabad, and Haridwar.

  • National Reptile: King Cobra

An Ophiophagus hannah, the Indian King Cobra or Snake Eater, serves as the country’s official reptile. It can be found in Indian and Southeast Asian forests. As the world’s longest venomous snake, it can grow to a maximum length of 19 feet and live for as long as 25 years. They can inject up to 6 ccs of venom into each bite. In Hinduism, the king cobra is also known as a Naga, and they are revered and adored as gods. Shiva is generally represented as the god of death with a cobra wrapped around his neck.

  • National Heritage Animal: Indian Elephant,

The National Heritage Animal of India, is an Indian Elephant native to mainland Asia. It has been declared an endangered species because of habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation.

  • Oath of Allegiance: National Pledge

National Symbols of India: Indians are required to take the National Pledge, in which they swear allegiance to the country. People in India often recite it in unison, notably at school functions and on national holidays like Independence Day and Republic Day. In 1962, Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao, a Telugu writer, penned the promise. Consequently, it has been translated into several different languages, beginning with Visakhapatnam in 1963.

FAQs: National Symbols of India

Q. When was the National Flag of India approved by the Constitutional Assembly?

Ans- 22 July 1947

Q. What is the motto of the National Emblem?

Ans- Satyameva Jayate

Q. Who wrote the Sanskrit version of India’s National Anthem?

Ans- Rabindranath Tagore

Q. What does the Indian flag’s saffron color represent?

Ans- Strength and Courage

Q. Who came up with the Indian flag design?

Ans- Pingali Venkayya

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