NGO: What is it?
NGO Full-form: NGO or non-government organizations is an organization who work for the welfare of society, without any interventions from government related bodies. Anyone who is dedicated to serving the society can start such an organization by himself or herself, or many people can come together and begin an NGO after selecting the suitable name from the registrar.
Many people start an NGO as a noble cause. They want to help the people in need and the people who are dealing with problems. You can start such an organization for any social problem, e.g. women safety, to help underprivileged children for education, animal care, for welfare of elderly people, victims of natural disaster etc.
The sole purpose of starting an NGO is the betterment of the world we live in. An NGO can function at national and even international level.
You can use your own resources and money to help people, and you can also seek donations. Donations can come from anyone. A government body, businessman, celebrity or local people. The people or companies who donate money to NGOs will get exemption in taxes.
The process to start an NGO: NGO Full-form
Step 1: Identify the field in which you want to work, decide your services which you will be giving to the people in need.
Step 2: Get a team of likeminded people, who are dedicated to work with you for the same cause without any selfish reasons and without any expectations of monetary benefits etc. To get these people who are experts in the particular field you can look in the specific departments e.g. if your organization is based on working for environmental issues, you can search for desired people who studied environmental sciences.
Step 3: Decide an appropriate name for your NGO, the name shouldn’t be too long and difficult to remember. Most important thing is the name you choose should reflect the purpose, the cause of your NGO. Select a unique name which shouldn’t match the existing NGOs, especially shouldn’t match any government body’s name. The name which will be the first impression for your organization, which will describe who you are and what you stand for in the society, so pick the suitable name.
Step 4: Now prepare the documents for legal purposes. Also known as a memorandum, this will contain all the information related to your organization like the purpose, the services, functioning and information about team members etc. Also don’t forget to include the address and the sources from where the funding for the NGO is done.
Step 5: Keep all the documentation required for registering the NGO. You need to know what kind of NGO You will be starting before you prepare the documents. The 3 kinds of NGOs are:
A society: you will be needing at least 7 members to start this one.
A trust: minimum of 2 members are necessary for a trust.
A section 8 company: this is a kind of company basically which has no purpose of making money and profits, you can register as section 8 company as well.
Step 6: Build a network, other than core members of the organization, you will be needing a lot of other people who will help in functioning the NGO, e.g. fundraisers.
Step 7: start to collect the funds, and these can be done through many ways,
- You can apply to the government portals.
- You can apply to corporate bodies.
- You can sell stuff which is made by NGO
- Social media can be used as a good tool to reach people and get donations.
Types of NGOs according to their level of work on an area basis.
GO Full-form: In the beginning while you register a NGO, you need to decide the area you will be covering, that can be divided as follows:
Community based: These types of NGOs work only in the particular communities, and help the poor or needy people in that community only which is mentioned while registering.
City based: In this category, the organization works in the chosen city and creates awareness throughout the city about the ways for the betterment of lifestyle and living standards in the city.
State level: The whole state is covered in state level NGOs, they can work together with multiple organizations and groups so that they can spread the services and needs to more and more people throughout the state.
National level: National level NGOs function in the whole country and consist of many branches and offices in different states and cities. That’s how they are able to function well in the whole nation.
International level: These NGOs work in multiple nations and also provide help to many national and state level NGOs.
Each and every level of NGO has different kinds of guidelines given by the government, it’s very important for them to read and follow all these guidelines properly.
Here are the main activities done by NGOs in the society:
- To spread awareness: NGOs do research and analyze the existing problems in the society, especially the ones which normal people overlook, they gather information and facts and make people aware about the problems by various means like conducting campaigns through all kinds of media.
- Intermediary work: NGOs work as agents in many sectors and organizations.
- Resolving conflicts: They resolve many conflicts and chaotic situations in the society.
- Enhancing capabilities: By conducting many programs like free healthcare, free education etc. NGOs help many people.
- Service delivery: It helps the society by delivering many essential services and commodities to the underprivileged and people who need them.
- Evaluating and monitoring works: NGOs keep a good eye on the many factors in society such as how governments and other corporations are working.
FAQs about NGOs: NGO Full-form
Q1. Can an NGO work without being registered?
A1. As per government rules, the organizations which work by themselves for the welfare of the society without any extra help need no registration. But if the organization requires fund raising from other parties, registration is the must according to guidelines provided by the government.