Top 10 Optional Subjects For IAS Mains

Optional Subjects For IAS: Top 10 Optional Subjects For IAS Mains The IAS exam is directed by the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission). The assessment has three phases (Prelims, Mains, Personality Test), and consistently lakhs of confident applicants apply for it. Generally, the test interaction for each individual up-and-comer is something similar. Be that as it may, in the Mains phase of the IAS test, an up-and-comer needs to pick an optional subject (2 papers, all out 500 stamps), and choosing all that optional  subject can have a great deal of effect. Picking the right IAS Mains subject is consequently a significant stage towards progress.

Subject Storability: It ought to be of most noteworthy need to think about how (relatively) simple it is to score in a given optional  subject.

It would be inappropriate to consider that every one of the optional  subjects in the UPSC are similarly scoring.

For example, about 10 years prior, Psychology was ‘the’ optional  subject for the understudies. Out of the complete 700 choices, around 300-350 had Psychology as the optional subject.

In 2005-06, Public Administration was the optional  subject and during the 1990s, Anthropology was the subject most picked by the understudies.

Understudies’ Own Abilities: One can’t be similarly great for every one of the subjects and it is critical to perceive what is the most reasonable choice for yourself and act likewise.

For example, in the event that you have outstandingly great composing abilities, you should pick a subject where subjectivity matters, for example, in Political Science, Sociology, Literature, Public Administration and so on.

Be that as it may, in the event that composing abilities are not your strength, however you can do well with flowcharts, maps, charts, then, at that point, the ideal decision is going for a optional  where diagrammatic portrayal of the responses and guides functions admirably, for example, Geography or a designing subject like Physics.

One’s Own Interest: The subjects that you truly love to concentrate on will make the excursion of UPSC extremely simple. You won’t effortlessly become weary of concentrating on it, the snapshots of tedium are very more averse to happen.

The interest that you have in a subject is one of the rules that ought to be given supremacy, nonetheless, it ought to be viewed as after the over two standards.

Shared characteristic (Overlapping with GS): If an optional subject is likewise useful in General Studies or in Essay or the Interview, then it consequently expands the inclination for the specific subject.

Different interesting points in such a manner is to see by how much the subject is helping you (what is the weightage of the items in the subject in the wide range of various tests.. GS, Interview, Essay and so on) and the amount of your time is it saving (the time you are saving by not concentrating on a bonus that is nearly less important).

Length of Syllabus: Optional subject should be picked remembering the time in which the schedule can be covered.

In the event that you can save a couple of months in a subject then it implies a ton according to the CSE viewpoint.

In any case, it ought to likewise be remembered that to save a little while, not a couple of years are getting demolished due to picking an unsatisfactory subject in light of the fact that since it’s schedule is short.

Wellsprings of Information/Study: Other significant angles for picking the right optional  subject incorporate having sufficient review materials and appropriate direction from seniors and instructors.

Dynamism of Subject: Lesser the dynamism, better the subject. In certain subjects, questions are something very similar however answers change consistently.

For example, in Political Science Paper-II i.e., International Relations, pretty much every perspective in the subject is exceptionally unique and must be refreshed consistently.

Indeed, even in Sociology and Public Administration, albeit not however much political theory, the parts of dynamism are very unique.

Be that as it may, in subjects like History, Geography, any Literature subject, Philosophy, Psychology, the responses shouldn’t be changed consistently.

Foundation: However, not so huge as others, but rather in the event that you have a serious foundation in a subject which likewise fulfills other significant standards of picking optional , then, at that point, the foundation ought to be given a decent weightage in the choice of the subject.

Top 10 Optional subjects for UPSC

In the wake of considering the information given over, the most recent UPSC CSE schedule and late IAS results, the main 10 optional  subjects for UPSC can be recorded as follows:

Medical Science
Literature Subject (Any)
Public Administration


Sociology is one of the most popular optional subjects in UPSC Civil Services examination. The reason is – It has short syllabus in comparison to other optional subjects, secondly, its easy to understand, because the subject-matters of Sociology hovers around the society and we as a human being have first-hand experience about it. For example, Family, Marriage, Kinship are some major topics – we as a person have been socialized in the society with experience of all these social institutions. It makes the theory of Sociology easily understandable.

The investigation of society, bunches of material which can be utilized in GS I, Essay, and, surprisingly, in Ethics paper. Sociology topic has cross-over with General Studies Paper 1 in UPSC Mains (Indian Society part) and it is additionally useful for GS 2, GS 3 and Essay paper. The idea of the Sociology UPSC Syllabus centers around contemporary issues in the public arena. All these makes this optional highly scoring, and valuable fringe benefits to General studies paper as well as interview.


Psychology as an optional  has 2 papers. Each paper conveys 250 Marks. Paper 1 is about the essentials of Psychology research. The parts in Paper 1 rotate around Psychological ideas and speculations. Different developments incorporate Intelligence, Memory, Emotions, Motivation, Attitudes, Personality, and so on,. These builds will be spread across fields like Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology, and so on.

Different schools of Psychology like Structuralisms, Functionalists, Gestalts, Behaviourists, Cognitivists, Humanists have various perspectives for a similar Psychological build. These perspectives will be concentrated on hypotheses propounded by separate Psychologists and specialists of that school.

Paper 2 is totally application-based. One must be careful with Paper 1 preceding Paper 2. The use of mental hypotheses and discoveries is very different in Education, Health, Sports, Military, Rehabilitation, Organizational, and so forth.


The prospectus of any remaining optional  is more than whatever understudy concentrates on in their graduation course. In Law it isn’t true by any means.

It doesn’t Include Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), Civil Procedure Code(CPC) and Evidence Act, which for the most part understudy fear and track down it extreme to translate.

It is uplifting news for understudy, as a large portion of above alluded Law are not there. They are viewed as one of the most tremendous and goes into very low down on rules and guidelines on which courts capabilities.

In legal administrations test procedural Law are 50% of the prospectus, not in UPSC Exam. That is the reason having a Law foundation isn’t required by any stretch of the imagination for picking Law optional .

Assuming you read cleverly and follow the right system the entire prospectus can be covered from one finish to another in 4.5 months. It requires no further review.

All together there are 7 Laws you need to concentrate on which covers 70% of the inquiries in the test.

You will endeavour those 70% inquiries immediately. The Laws are Constitutional, Administrative Law, International Law, Law of Crime, Law of Tort, Law Of agreement and Special Contractor Laws.


Indian and World geography significant subjects remembered for the prelims test alongside natural biology, biodiversity and environmental change.

Furthermore, presently we should discuss the mains assessment paper 1 of general examinations which contains 250 imprints where geography of the world and society are significant subjects of the paper.

So you can plainly see that accepting geography as a optional  subject not just assists you with getting better checks in optionals yet in addition in different papers of the UPSC tests including the two prelims and mains which can likewise save you a great deal of time during planning.

Having a characterized prospectus will provide legitimate guidance for every one individuals who are attempting to get ready for tests.

In Short History – significant for prelims as well as GS I.Geography – applicable for prelims as well as GS IPolitical Science – significant for prelims as well as GS IILaw – pertinent for prelims as well as GS II


The Indian History and culture are considered as the critical pieces of both the Civil Services Preliminary Exam and the Main Examination. A significant fragment of the all out questions asked in General Studies Paper I for the IAS test come from Indian History that mixed with culture. We can utilize the pattern (chart) here.

In the primer test, All these segments are totally canvassed in the History schedule, in the event that one picks it as an optional  subject. In the Main assessment, paper-I of GS covers roughly 75-100 characteristics of Art and Culture, Modern India and Contemporary world that are essential for History optional prospectus.

The decision of an optional subject relies upon your tendency and fitness. Assuming you are the one inquisitive to comprehend the past and need to break down how our past formed the present and how it might have been unique, then, at that point, history is your subject.

Like other optional subjects, History is likewise a scoring paper, one can score 270-280 stamps effectively and, surprisingly, 300 or more checks are additionally normal.

Planning segment of the set of experiences is exceptionally scoring and control over it can give you the upper edge.

  • UPSC Syllabus for History Optional interfaces old India, with contemporary occurrences, for instance as it interfaces urbanization of Indus Valley Civilization and Magadhan domain to the present savvy city ideas.
  • It is a vital subject in the UPSC Civil help test since history is remembered for the IAS prelims test and the IAS mains general examinations papers too.
  • Here, you can streamline time by getting ready for optional  and GS papers.
  • It is all things considered a static subject. Thus, assuming that you cover this subject once, it won’t change in the following two-three years.
  • Albeit the prospectus of history seems tremendous however by noticing earlier year’s inquiries we can reason that its central region is tiny for example there is compelling reason needed to peruse enormous volumes of the book.
  • An understudy of any foundation might pick History as an optional  subject. There is no prerequisite that those having experience with History ought to pick this optional. The principal prerequisite for this optional  subject is a logical attitude to get a handle regarding the matter.

Public Administration

Public Administration is one of the optional subjects in the UPSC Civil Services Main Examination. It is one of the famous decisions in light of its pertinence in the gig job of an IAS official. This subject acquaints the competitors with the component of Public Administration which is definitely of incredible use for future chairmen. Further, it is one of the ideas that escalated. Along these lines, in the event that you’re not that great in packing, this subject is for you as it generally involves reasonable comprehension.

Highly pertinent, minimized prospectus, paper II (Indian Administration) has a ton of cross-over with nation and administration part in GS II.

Additionally, accessibility of assets and simplicity of comprehension of the subject are likewise the variables that convince hopefuls to pick this optional  subject. Nonetheless, applicants picking this subject should be wary of composing nonexclusive responses as this subject is exceptionally cutthroat. A great deal of competitors pick this subject, subsequently ensuring your responses stand-apart to get excellent grades in the assessment.


Up-and-comers who pick Anthropology Optional in UPSC will observe that the schedule is focussed on issues and points connected with improvement and Indian culture. The subject may be not difficult to plan for up-and-comers who fill in as educators, social specialists and sociologists, and so on

Medical science

Medical science is a decent option for specialists who are OK with concentrating on their MBBS prospectus indeed. It would be a natural subject as they would have managed it for a long time. Simultaneously, the prospectus is thought of as immense and risky on the off chance that the applicant wishes to have cross-over with the general investigations papers. In this segment, we examine a couple of upsides and downsides of the Medical science optional.

  • As an understudy of Medical science, you wouldn’t need to begin anything once more in the prospectus. This is a major benefit.
  • The prospectus is basically static.
  • The inquiries posed are generally reasonable and direct.
  • Assuming that you follow the right methodology and work truly, you can score respectable imprints in this optional  subject.
  • The trouble level of the UPSC Medical science optional  is somewhat lower than the expert MBBS test.
  • This optional  subject can be taken even by BDS or BAMS graduates.
  • At last, Medical science is a logical and reasonable subject. It isn’t emotional thus, marks are not exposed to the translation of the inspector.

Political Science

Political Science naturally is an exceptionally theoretical subject and it tends to be effortlessly connected with our day today exercises for more straightforward comprehension. In this way Political Science is very to comprehend and the main subject for each understudy who gets ready for common administrations assessment.

Paper wise examination and Important themes asked in General Studies Paper I/II/III/IV.

S.No.  Paper I/II/III/IV  Points  
1.Paper I of GS  Public Movement of India  
2.Paper II of GS  Indian Polity and International Relation
3.Paper III of GS  Interior Security
4.Paper IV of GS  Moral Philosophers  

Consequently this demonstrates that Political Science covers the biggest section of General Studies.

Separated of these 2 papers are straightforwardly asked from the subjects having a place with Political Science and everyone knows that without knowing the Political System of India and India’s Foreign Policy no one can confront the Interviews.

FAQ about UPSC Optional Subject

Q. Which UPSC Optional Subject has the littlest prospectus?
Theory has the most limited schedule out of every one of the optional subjects for the UPSC assessment and is the best justification behind it is a well-known decision among UPSC hopefuls.

Q. Which optional subject is best for UPSC?
According to the 71st yearly report of UPSC, Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Sociology, Political Science, Geography and Anthropology are the subjects that feature a great achievement rate as optional in UPSC.

Q. Is History a decent Optional subject in the UPSC Exam?
It’s anything but a scoring subject when you contrast it with science or math. You really do have to recollect a couple of dates and names. A decent memory is expected to expert history.

Q. Which Optional Subject is the most scoring in UPSC Exams?
A large portion of the competitors pick Geography as their optional subject in the Civil Services Exam since it is seen that it is the most elevated scoring choice in UPSC and generally famous among the up-and-comers.

You Can Read Also:

UPSC Posts – Types of Civil Services
How to Prepare Notes of Political Science Optional?
Preparation Strategies Adopted for Economics Optional

Leave a Reply