Table of Content: –

1. What is IPS Exam?

2. Who is a IPS Officer?

3. Eligibility Criteria

4. Exam Pattern

5. Syllabus

6. Training

7.  What are the Skills and Qualities required to become a/an IPS Officer?

8. IPS Salary

9. Powers

10. Responsibilities

11.  Facilities Provided an IPS officer?

12.  Job Profiles

13.  Difference between IAS and IPS in Administration power

What is IPS Exam?

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IPS Exam – The full form of IPS is the Indian Police Service,Created by the Government of India in October 1948, the Indian police Service (IPS) is the administrative diplomatic civil service under Central Civil Services of the executive branch of the Government of India. ‘Indian Police Service’ was first founded in 1948.Currently it is regulated by the Ministry of Home Affairs. Becoming an IPS officer is one of the biggest dreams of almost every Indian Youth. To become IPS Officer aspirants have to give an Entrance Exam which is basically termed as IPS Exam or UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Civil Service Examinations. It’s one of the toughest exams in the country.

IPS professionals such as Kiran Bedi, U Sagayam, Shivdeep Lande and many more have contributed extensively to India’s policing services and practices whilst following ethical and moral practices. One Biggest Example is National security Advisor Mr.Ajith Doval. He was an IPS officer where he was a powerful police officer in the country. Now he is the security advisor for the PM in defence issue. He takes part in people’s life by safeguard the country and the people.

You Can also read: IAS Full Form

The following are the IPS departments you can join once you pass the IPS exam:

  • Crime Branch
  • Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW)
  • Criminal Investigation Department (CID)
  • Home Guards
  • Traffic Bureau and more.

Who is a IPS Officer?

The IPS Officers of India are responsible for the law and order in every district, city, and state. Indian Police Services is the only All India Service that requires the officers to perform a variety of duties concerning various departments. IPS Officers manage border responsibilities from crime prevention to disaster management. If you wish to make a difference in society by all means, IPS Officer might be a career choice for you.

Eligibility Criteria: –

Here are some of the basic eligibility criteria to be met by candidates to become IPS Officers:

  1. Nationality: A candidate should be a citizen of India.
  2. Age Limit: Candidate should be between 21-37 years of age depending on the category you fall under:
    1. General candidates must be 21-32 years of age.
    2. OBC candidates must be 21-35 years of age.
    3. SC/ST candidates must be 21-37 years of age.
    4. Age limits for the physically handicapped are set at 42, 45, and 47 years of age for General, OBC, and SC/ST categories, respectively.
  3. Minimum Educational Qualification: The minimum qualification of a candidate is a Bachelor’s Degree or an equivalent qualification from any recognized University.

4.  Physical ability

a. Length: The length of a male candidate should be at least 165 centimetres. SC / OBC candidates of 160 cm can also apply. At the same time, the length of the female candidates should be 150 centimetres. A 145 cm SC / OBC female candidate can also apply.

b. Chest: At least 84 centimetres for men. At least 79 centimetres for women.

c. Eye site: Healthy eye vision should be 6/6 or 6/9. A vision of weak eyes should be 6/12 or 6/9.

5. Examination: For the appointment of IAS, IFS, IPS, IRS, and other administrative posts, the civil service exam conducted by UPSC has to be cleared.

You Can also read: IRS Full Form

Exam Pattern: –


  • The Examination shall comprise of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each.

(i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions). (ii) The General Studies Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

(iii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English. (iv) Details of the syllabi are indicated in Part A of Section III.


  • The written examination consisting of the following papers: —
  • Paper I—General English 300 Marks
  • Paper II—General Knowledge 300 Marks
  • Papers III, IV, V and VI. —Any two subjects to be selected from the list of the optional subjects set out in para 2 below.
  • Each subject will have two papers. — 200 marks for each paper.

C. Interview

·   After clearing the main exam, candidates are called for a personal interview round. This interview is about 45 minutes.

· The interview of the candidate is in front of a panel. The merit list is prepared after the interview. Qualifying paper numbers are not added while making a merit list.

Syllabus: –

Prelims Examination

1. Paper I: This paper of 200 marks.

a. National and International Current Affairs,

b. Indian History and Indian National Movement,

c. Geography of India and the World

d. Indian Monarchy and Governance (Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy)

e. Economic and Social Development

f. Environmental Ecology, Bio-Diversity, Climate Change

g. General Science

2.   Paper-II: This paper of 200 marks

a. Comprehension

b. Interpersonal skills

c. Logical reasoning, and analytical ability

d. Decision making and problem-solving,

e. General mental ability, basic generality

f.  Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables)

Main Examination

·   The main exam of civil services consists of written examination and interview.

·  The written examination consists of a total of 9 papers, of which two are for qualifying (A and B) and seven for merit:

Qualifying Papers: IPS Exam

Paper A: One of the Indian Language to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution300 Marks
Paper B: English300 Marks

Mains Papers: IPS Exam

Paper-I: Essay250 Marks
Paper-II: General Studies 1 (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society)250 Marks
Paper-III: General Studies 2 (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)250 Marks
Paper-IV: General Studies 3 (Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)250 Marks
Paper-V: General Studies 4 (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)250 Marks
Paper-VI: Optional Subjects – Paper 1250 Marks
Paper-VII: Optional Subjects – Paper 2250 Marks
Sub Total (Written Test)1750 Marks
Personality Test275 Marks
Grand Total2025 Marks

You Can also read: IAAS Full Form


  • All the newly selected IPS officers join the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA). Here they go through a three months foundation course.
  • After the foundation course, the IPS officer trainees go to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad. Here they complete rest of their training.
  • The IPS officers undergo training for two and a half years.
  • The topper of the IPS training course receives the Prime Minister’s Baton.
  • IPS training includes physical training and various laws necessary for law enforcement activities. IPS training is more difficult and requires more physical activities.
  • It includes horse riding, parade, armaments training and other important things required for law enforcement.

What are the Skills and Qualities required to become a/an IPS Officer?

1.  Communication Skills: – The ability to communicate effectively is an absolute must for a police officer, especially when dealing with members of the public. In potentially unsafe situations, for example, such as when apprehending a potentially armed and/or dangerous suspect, you need to be firm and clear in your instructions.

2. Decision-Making Skills: – As a police officer, you never know what kind of situation you might be in on any given day. Therefore, you need to be able to think quickly and clearly on your feet and make good decisions under intense pressure.

3. Physical Endurance: – As a junior police officer, both during your training and while out on patrol, it’s essential that you maintain a basic level of physical fitness. You will need to be able to restrain suspects (within legal means) or, on some occasions, give chase on foot.

4. Problem-Solving Skills: – The ability to approach problems and find solutions in a quick and logical manner is a highly valuable skill for a police officer. For example, it can help you to solve disputes and reach a compromise between two conflicting parties before a situation escalates further, or it can enable you to find a breakthrough during a particularly tough and complex investigation.

5. Active Listening: – Whether they are victims of a crime or community members looking for a solution for those who committed the crime, being an active listener helps your audience feel appreciated and understood. Active listening means correctly interpreting and understanding the needs of others in a conversation. It is key if you want to resolve a conflict.

6. Building Trust: – To build trust in the community, police officers must be in constant communication with citizens, listening to their wants and needs, and building a rapport with those they work with day-to-day. The perception of law enforcement is created by its relationships with community members, community officials, and the news media.

IPS Salary

The IPS officers are offered attractive monthly salary along with various perks and allowances by the government. Besides an IPS officer is also offered free accommodation, vehicle with drive, house helps and many other facilities which help in smooth running of his office. Check IPS salary as per the ranks after 7th pay commission mentioned below:

PostSalary as per 7th Pay Commission
Director-General of PoliceRs. 2,25,000.00
Additional Director General of PoliceRs. 2,05,400.00
Inspector-General of PoliceRs. 1,44,200.00
Deputy Inspector General of PoliceRs. 1,31,100.00 
Senior Superintendent of PoliceRs. 78,800.00
Additional Superintendent of PoliceRs. 67,700.00
Deputy Superintendent of PoliceRs. 56,100.00

Facilities Provided an IPS Officer?

  1. Rent-free accommodation at minimal rates.
  2. Security guards and Domestic help.
  3. Free electricity or Phone Call facility.
  4. Perks of PSUs like Provident Fund leave, medical attendance
  5. Lifetime pension and other retirement benefits
  6. An official vehicle with beacons and siren.
  7. Rent-free accommodation and Domestic help.
  8. Free electricity and Phone call facility.
  9. Study leaves for the maximum period of 2 years at a stretch with the entire cost being borne by the government.
  10. Lifetime pension and other retirement benefits.


  1. IPS officers Lead and command the Central Police Organizations like Intelligence Bureau, Central Bureau of Investigation, Border Security Force, Central Reserve Police Force, Indo-Tibetan Border Police, National Security Guard, Vigilance Organizations etc.
  2. IPS officers Lead and command the civil and armed police forces in all the states and union territories.
  3. IPS officers Serve at public sector undertakings both at centre and states, and the RAW and policy making levels in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State governments.
  4. IPS officers are required to interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and Central Civil Services and also with the Armed Forces.
  5. An IPS officer possesses the law and rules. An IPS officer has powers similar to that of an SHO (Station House Officer); they can take over investigation either by suo-moto or as per the instructions of the government.


  1. Maintaining peace and order: – IPS officers are responsible for maintaining the overall peace in the allocated district. Also, IPS Officers looks after decision-making processes related to all peacekeeping actions taken within the city.

2. Security for VIP’s: – IPS officers are often responsible for the security of VIP’s especially for protection of Chief Ministers and Prime minister as well.

3. Disaster and Crisis management: – IPS Officers ensure the security of the people during disasters. They look after that the crisis situation in their city is managed effectively by identifying the cause of the disaster For example, in the case of riots or disaster, the IPS officer can hold immediate meetings of the armed forces or NDRF to maintain order in the chaos.

Other Duties: –

a) Providing security for the transportation of cash

b) Taking action against the prosecution and recovery of the stolen things

c)  Providing permission for loud-speakers, rallies, political/religious functions

  • Railway Policing
  • Serving as HODs in policymaking in the ministries and departments

Job Profiles

  1. Deputy Superintendent of Police: As a Deputy Superintendent of Police, one is required to draft/review/update briefs on districts’ pending criminal cases with seniors under purview and prepare talking points for meetings between senior officials and police counterparts. They are also required to assist in coordination of visits of police delegates to India and Indian local and state police administration and police administration Research Division. 
  2. Additional Superintendent of Police: As an additional Superintendent of Police, they are assigned one of the few divisions e.g., Political, Economic, Cultural etc. and are expected to learn administrative works from their seniors. They are required to collect relevant information and follow up. 
  3. Superintendent of Police: As a Superintendent of Police, they are also responsible for overseeing the police’s financial collection department. An IPS Officer supervises staff to confirm all civil and criminal administration pending to the government (state, central or regional) is reviewed correctly and in a timely manner.
  4. Joint Commissioner of Police: Joint Commissioner of Police works as Secretary-level principal officer who serves the seniors as a special advisor and consultant on major problems of police policy and who provides guidance and solutions to the accurate bureaus with respect to such matters. The Counsellor is responsible for updating, resolving and maintaining the relevant laws (through the ITA Division), administering the direct police administration policy.

Difference between IAS and IPS in Administration power

IAS is a top-ranking civil service job offered to the top ranked deserving candidates and the responsibilities include administration of an area/district/department. Indian Administration Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) are among the most challenging as well as prestigious jobs in India. They are required to make proposals for the development of their respective areas. They are given executive powers to implement all the policies as well as make important decisions. Whereas, IPS candidates are required to maintain order in society.

  1. Being an IAS is the primary choice of most of the candidates appearing for Civil Service examination. Only the top-rank holder in Civil Services Examination is appointed as IAS, while IPS is the next best alternative given to the candidate.
  2. IAS officers help in public administration, policy formulation and implementation. On the other side, the IPS officer have to investigate crime and maintain order in the area where they are posted.
  3. The IAS Cadre Controlling authority is the Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension. On the other hand, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India controls the IPS Cadre.
  4. The pay of IAS officer is relatively higher than IPS officer. Also, there’s only one IAS officer in an area whereas the number of IPS officer in an area is as per the requirement.
  5. The training session of IAS officers is held at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, Uttarakhand and the IPS officers are trained at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad, Telangana.


Q1.What is the full form of IAS and IPS?

Answer: IAS is for Indian Administrative Service, and IPS stands for Indian Police Service.

Q2. What does IPS stand for in full?

Answer: Indian Police Services is the full name of the organisation. It is also an all-India service that is recruited by the UPSC through the Civil Services test.

Q3. What are the several paths to becoming an IPS officer?

Answer: By passing the UPSC Civil Services Exam, or 2. by being appointed from a list of State Police Service Officers who are eligible for promotion.

Q4. What is an IPS officer’s starting salary?

Answer: The starting salary for an IPS officer is roughly 56,100 rupees.

Q5. What is the maximum age for IPS?

Answer:  The IPS age limit varies by category: 32 years for UR, 35 years for OBC, and 37 years for SC/ST.

Q6. What is the UPSC IPS application fee?

Answer: Except for SC/ ST/ PWD candidates, the UPSC IPS application fee is Rs. 100/- for all candidates.

Q7. Is the UPSC Prelims exam a qualifying exam?

Answer:  The Prelims exam is a qualifying examination. To qualify for the mains exam, candidates must get at least 33 percent in General Studies Paper-II and total qualifying marks in General Studies Paper-I in the CSE Prelims exam.

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