FRA stands for the Forest Rights Act that covers the rights of the forest tribal communities and other forest residing to conserve the forest resources. The FRA is appliable for the communities dependent on the forest to fulfill their necessities such as habitation, livelihood, requirements, and other things.
These rights are basically for the tribal communities who are either dependent on the forest to sustain their life or partially. Moreover, they have traditional wisdom about conserving natural resources, especially forests. But there are no such legal acts, and other forest management policies followed to show the symbolic relationship of the tribal communities with the forest unless the FRA 2006 was formed.
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What is Exactly FRA?
Forest Right Acts was launched in 2006, dwelling the tribal communities and other forest communities to recognize their rights to the forest. Communities that depend on the forest to fulfill their needs and social-cultural needs, the rules are made for them and other people.
The FRA policies cover the rules, acts, and other forest policies of the forest management policies that are post-colonial and colonial in India. The Forest Rights Act is made to sow a symbolic relationship with the forest and reflect the dependency of humans on the forest.
The FRA encompasses the rights of habitation and self-cultivation, which usually reflect the community rights as fishing, grazing, and other water bodies in habitat rights for the PVTGs and pastoral community their access to the biodiversity. This also focuses on the biodiversity and tribal communities’ right to the forest intellectual property, reservation, regeneration and conservation of the forest resources.
The Forest Rights Act also provides the rights to the distribution of the forest land for the development and the fulfillment of the basic infrastructure development needs of the human communities. The rights will be in conjunction with the transparency and fair compensation in land acquisition. In addition, the laws protect the rural forest and tribal communities from eviction without settlement and rehabilitation.
The act further joins the right holders who take the responsibility of biodiversity conservation and protection of the wildlife, bio-diversity, adjoining areas, forest and water resources. Later, the Gram Sabha also joins the FRA acts for handling the ecologically sensitive areas to stop the destructive practices that may affect the resources and natural heritage, including the culture of the tribal communities.
What Are the Objectives of the FRA?
The prime objectives of the Forest rights acts are as follows:
- The Forest right Act aims to land tenure and security of the forest occupants, local tribes and other traditional forest livings
- The Forest Right Acts also untie the historical injustice which may happen to the forest tribal communities.
- The FRA acts also help strengthen forest resources conservation and biodiversity conservation. This also includes the prime responsibilities of forest management authorities and other tribal communities.
- The whole focus is on conserving biodiversity, sustainable use and maintaining the ecological balances.
The act empowers the forest rangers to use the forest’s resources sustainably. The whole focus is on traditional accustomed, conserving, protecting, and managing the forest’s resources from unlawful evictions. Apart from this, it provides the basic development of the forest communities that work on reserving the forest and maintaining biodiversity.
Q. Is there any other full form of the FRA?
A. Yes, there are many other forms of the FRA in terms of business. For example, FRA stands for forwarding Rate Agreement, an over-the-counter contract between two consecutive businesses. Another full form of the FRA is Free Regulation acts made to preserve the educational rights and the authority of the colleges of Maharashtra not able to make changes in the tuition fees without permission from the FRA community.
Q. What kind of rights are covered under the FRA?
A. FRA covers mostly the forest conservation rights and sustainable practices that come under the Forest Right Acts 2006. This also focuses on the land disputes between the revenues departments and forests.
Q. FRA rights of the tribal communities?
A. The tribal communities have the right to recognize the forest resources, the right to use, manage, conserve the rights and legal forest act that have been used in the cultivation practices.